Beginning of Time ~ End of Eternity – Calendar of Ancient Egypt

Beginning of Time ~ End of Eternity – Calendar of Ancient Egypt post thumbnail image

The Beginning of Time and the End of Eternity
In the Presence of the nb r Dr – Lord of the End
Found in books in the pr mDAt – House of Books

The ascending and descending of the psDt wr – Great Ennead of Gods
Three houses, one each, ra – Tomorrow, Asir – Yesterday, Hr – Today

The calendar of ancient Egypt is reconstructed using the latest research into Heliopolitan, Memphite, District, astronomical, Delta region and Elephantine mythologies. Its festival days, good and combative days are found in several archaeological and literary sources. The calendar is calibrated with the Heliacal rising of spdt (Sirius) that establishes the opening of the year (wpt rnpt) over the ancient Capital of mn nfr (Memphis) as it was traditionally established in the Early Dynastic period, c. 2773 BCE The calendar is one of the most important facets of ancient Egyptian culture.

Archaeological and Historical Sources

Papyrus Cairo 86637 c. 1271 – 1163 BCE

Temple of Horus at Edfu c. 142 – 57 BCE

Temple of Hathor at Dendera c. 305 – 100 CE

Temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu, c. 1150 BCE

granite trough for the seeded earth, Dynasty 22 king at Koptos, c. 850 BCE

Papyrus Jumilhac, c. 100 BCE

Papyrus Louvre N 3176, c. 332 – 30 BCE

Papyrus Sallier no. IV, 19th Dynasty, c. 1,293 – 1,185 BCE

British Museum Papyrus EA10474 verso – Calendar of Lucky and Unlucky Days, Third Intermediate Period, c. 1,080 – 525 BCE

El-Lahun (Kahun) Papyrus, 12th Dynasty, c. 1,991 – 1,782 BCE

References

Bakir, A. el-M. (1966). The cairo calendar, no. 86637. Meretseger Books.

Bomhard, A.-S. von. (1999). The Egyptian calendar: A work for eternity. Periplus.

Dawson, W. R. (1926). Some observations on the Egyptian calendars of Lucky and unlucky days. The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 12(3/4), 260. https://doi.org/10.2307/3854395

El-Sabban, S. (2000). Temple festival calendars of Ancient Egypt. Liverpool University Press.

Gautschy, R. (2011). Der Stern Sirius im Alten ägypten. Zeitschrift Für Ägyptische Sprache Und Altertumskunde, 138(2), 116–131. https://doi.org/10.1524/zaes.2011.0010

Hart, G. (2012). A dictionary of Egyptian gods and goddesses. Routledge.

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