Beginning of Time ~ End of Eternity – Calendar of Ancient Egypt

Beginning of Time ~ End of Eternity – Calendar of Ancient Egypt

The Beginning of Time and the End of Eternity
In the Presence of the Nab ra Djar – Lord of the End
Found in books in the Par Madja’t – House of Books

The ascending and descending of the Pasdjat wr – Great Ennead of Gods
Three houses, one each, Ra – Tomorrow, A’sir – Yesterday, Hr – Today

The calendar of ancient Egypt is reconstructed using the latest research into Helioplian, Memphite, nomal, astronomical, Delta region and Elephantine mythologies. Its festival days, good and combative days are found in several archaeological and literary sources. The calendar is calibrated with the Heliacal rising of Sapdat (Sirius) that establishes the opening of the year (Wpat Ranpat) over the ancient Capital of Man nafr (Memphis) as it was traditionally established in the Early Dynastic period, c. 2773 b.c.e. The calendar is one of the most important facets of ancient Egyptian culture.

Archaeological Sources

Papyrus Cairo 86637 c. 1271 – 1163 BCE

Temple of Horus at Edfu c. 142 – 57 BCE

Temple of Hathor at Dendera c. 305 – 100 CE

Temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu, c. 1150 BCE

granite trough for the seeded earth, Dynasty 22 king at Koptos, c. 850 BCE

Papyrus Jumilhac, c. 100 BCE

Papyrus Louvre N 3176, c. 332 – 30 BCE

Papyrus Sallier no. IV, 19th Dynasty, c. 1,293 – 1,185 b.c.e.

British Museum Papyrus EA10474 verso – Calendar of Lucky and Unlucky Days, Third Intermediate Period, c. 1,080 – 525 b.c.e.

El-Lahun (Kahun) Papyrus, 12th Dynasty, c. 1,991 – 1,782 b.c.e.


Literary Sources

Gautschy, R. Der Stern Sirius in Aegypten.

Published in: Zeitschrift fur Aegyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 178, Vol. 2, 2011, 116-131.





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